The course aims to recognize the theoretical foundations of modern and contemporary constitutions and codifications and the basis of the present legal order, to determine the inter-individual relationships and the relations among state powers. Constitutions and codes reproduce and interpret all the innovations and limits that mark originality and vitality within a stated historical experience. It follows that the legal order seems to be the result of a long time ‘negotiation’ indispensable to social peace and to the satisfaction of private and public interests. At the end of the course, students should be able to understand the evolution of modern and contemporary codifications and constitutions and value the deep influence of legal interpretation in order to protect basic rights.
PART I – INTERPRETATION OF MODERN AND CONTEMPORARY CODES
The first part of the course aims to investigate the origin of contemporary codes through the study of the greatest eighteenth century consolidations and modern codifications, with special regard to the French (Code civil, 1804) and Austrian (ABGB, 1811) legal experiences. Particular attention will be given to: 1) ius commune and modern codification; 2) the European codification process; 3) the ‘crisis’ of codification; 4) judicial interpretation and doctrinal elaboration under a codified system of law.
PART II – MODERN CONSTITUTIONS BETWEEN OLD AND NEW WORLD
The second part of the course will be devoted to the analysis of the theoretical roots of modern constitutions in the aftermath of the French and American Revolutions. The elements of continuity between the modern and the contemporary constitutional experiences will be especially assessed in the light of the complex relationship between ‘law’ and ‘freedom’ and with special regard to the Italian Constitution.
Lectures on the main topics of the subject matter to be integrated with the materials provided to the students by the teacher and available in the e-learning platform.
CONTENTS OF THE COURSE:
- Doctrinal foundations of modern and contemporary codifications and constitutions;
- Justice and Law between the Middle Ages and the Modern Age;
- Evolution of the modern concept of code.
- Codification and Enlightenment;
- The French Civil Code of 1804 and the Austrian Civil Code of 1811;
- Codification and interpretation;
- The roots of modern constitutionalism;
- Doctrinal and historical foundations of liberty;
- Charters of rights and freedoms;
- The democratic constitutions of the 19th century.
- Attending students
Notes from lessons, materials provided to the students by the teacher and available in the e-learning platform and in the following textbooks:
- Codici. Una riflessione di fine millennio (Firenze, 26-28 ottobre 2000), a cura di P. Cappellini e B. Sordi, Milano, Giuffrè, 2002;
- Dalla Costituzione “inattuata” alla Costituzione “inattuale”? Potere costituente e riforme costituzionali nell'Italia repubblicana (Ferrara, 24-25 gennaio 2013), a cura di G. Brunelli e G. Cazzetta, Milano, Giuffrè, 2013.
- Non-attending students
Both of the following textbooks:
- E. DEZZA, Lezioni di storia della codificazione civile: il Code civil (1804) e l’Allgemeines Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (ABGB, 1812), Torino, Giappichelli, 2000;
- M. FIORAVANTI, Appunti di storia delle costituzioni moderne. Le libertà fondamentali, Torino, Giappichelli, 2014 (terza edizione).
|M. FIORAVANTI||Appunti di storia delle costituzioni moderne. Le libertà fondamentali.||Torino||1995|
|E. Dezza||Lezioni di storia della codificazione civile: il Code civil (1804) e l'Allgemeines Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (ABGB, 1812).||G. Giappichelli Editore||2000|
Oral exam. Marks are expressed in thirtieths.
Attending students must demonstrate that they have achieved sufficient knowledge on the main topics of the course. Partial exam is scheduled at the closing of the course. The exam date will be communicated by the teacher at the beginning of the course.
Non-attending students must demonstrate sufficient knowledge of the textbooks.
ERASMUS students are requested to contact the teacher at the beginning of the course in order to properly plan their study. The exam is held in Italian.