The course will investigate political obligation, focusing the attention on the contrast between individual autonomy and political system. For this purpose, the lectures will discuss some intellectual experiences that marked the modern philosophical thought since 17th century to now.
The analysis will help to understand if there is an insurmountable tension between freedom and law, or – on the contrary – if many difficulties that the literature on this topic shows are connected to the triumph of the sovereign State and some specific features of this institution: a typically European and modern way to organize public life.
In the first part, the course will analyse the crucial change introduced, in the Western civilization, by the success of the modern State, when the medieval legal system disappears and Europe starts to adopt the Westfalian order. Later the attention will be for many scholars of different times (La Boétie, Locke, Jefferson, Thoreau, Spooner, Passerin d’Entrèves, Huemer), with the aim to call the attention on an intellectual tradition firmly oriented to protect individual liberty and to reject State coercion.
|Immanuel Kant||Che cos'è l'Illuminismo?||Editori Riuniti||2017|
|Thomas Jefferson||Dichiarazione di Indipendenza degli Stati Uniti||1776|
|Etienne de la Boetie||Discorso sulla servitù volontaria||Liberilibri||2004|
|Henry David Thoreau||Disobbedienza civile||1849|
|Michael Huemer||Il problema dell´autorita´ politica||Liberilibri||2016|
|Lysander Spooner||I vizi non sono crimini||Liberilibri||1998|
|Alessandro Passerin d´Entreves||Obbligo e resistenza in una societa´ democratica||Edizioni di Comunita´||1970|
|John Locke||Secondo trattato del governo civile||1688|
The oral examination, based on suggested bibliography, is oriented to evaluate student’s ability to discuss the topics of the course.
The student must demonstrate:
- knowledge and understanding;
- ability to make judgements;
- communication skills;
- learning skills.