Governance of international crises (2019/2020)

Course code
Francesca Ragno
Academic sector
Language of instruction
Teaching is organised as follows:
Activity Credits Period Academic staff Timetable
UL1 5 1° semestre (A), 1° semestre (B) Francesca Ragno

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UL2 4 1° semestre (A), 1° semestre (B) Isabella Pierangeli Borletti, Francesca Ragno

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Learning outcomes

The programme provides a wide-ranging analysis of institutional and normative aspects of the gov-ernance of international crises encompassing armed conflicts (both national and international), climate change, natural disasters, as well as humanitarian crises. Moreover it focuses on what responders must do during critical period of crisis response and on how organizations can prepare themselves for high performance in this situations. It examines which skills and management systems crises demand; considers the differences between managing routine emergencies and crisis and asks how organizations can effectively prepare for crises in advance. The aim of the course is to provide students with in-depth knowledge across the whole subject area. Starting from the understanding of functions and purposes of the international intervention in areas of crisis, the course will focus on legal and institutional framework for military humanitarian interventions, the applicable law to and rules of engagements of military contingents deployed in host-states, and the accountability mechanisms addressing their violations. In line with the aims of the masters’ programme, in particular concerning the acquisition of legal skills, the student will acquire the capacity to identify the applicable legal regime and to apply it to concrete situations, while seeking possible solutions through sound legal reasoning and argumentation.


1) International crises today: a conceptual framework
2) Essential features of public international law: subjects, sources, responsibility, the use of force and the self-defence
3) Threats to peace and international security: the role of the United Nations, Regional Organizations and Coalition of States, with particular reference to peace-keeping, peace-enforcement e peace-building
4) Overview of the regime of international responsibility: individual, State and International Organizations responsibility
5) The fight against international terrorism and the phenomenon of foreign fighters
6) Cyberspace and international regulation
7) International criminal justice and state of crisis
8) The migratory crisis
9) Humanitarian law
10) Global warming and the international response
11) International disaster law

Assessment methods and criteria

Students attending classes will be evaluated through a written exam articulated in a part concerning the knowledge of relevant notions, through multiple choices questions, and a part of critical elaboration of the topics deals with during the lectures.

Students not attending classes will be evaluated through an oral exam on the basis of material posted on the e-learning website and relevant readings. As for the written exam, the oral exam will be aimed at ascertaining the understanding of relevant notions and the ability to critically elaborate specific analyses of relevant issues.

Reference books
Activity Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
UL1 A. TANZI Introduzione al diritto internazionale contemporaneo (sesta ed.) Cedam - Padova 2019