Governance of international crises (2020/2021)

Course code
Name of lecturers
Francesca Ragno, Eleonora Branca
Francesca Ragno
Number of ECTS credits allocated
Academic sector
Language of instruction
1° periodo di lezioni - GEM dal Sep 30, 2020 al Dec 19, 2020.

Lesson timetable

Go to lesson schedule

Learning outcomes

The programme provides a wide-ranging analysis of institutional and normative aspects of the gov-ernance of international crises. The aim of the course is to provide students with the ability to understand functions, purposes and characteristics of the international intervention in areas of crisis. In this respect, students will develop an in-depth knowledge of the legal and institutional framework for military humanitarian interventions, of the rules of engagements of military contingents deployed in host-states and of the accountability mechanisms addressing their violations. In line with the aims of the masters’ programme, in particular concerning the acquisition of legal skills, students will acquire the capacity to identify the applicable legal regime and to apply it to concrete situations, while seeking possible solutions through sound legal reasoning and argumentation.


1) International crises today: a conceptual framework.
2) Essential features of public international law: subjects, sources, responsibility, the use of force and the self-defence. (
3) Threats to peace and international security: the role of the United Nations, Regional Organizations and Coalition of States, with particular reference to peace-keeping, peace-enforcement e peace-building.
4) Overview of the regime of international responsibility: individual, State and International Organizations responsibility.
5) The protection of cultural heritage in crisis areas
6) The fight against international terrorism and the phenomenon of foreign fighters
7) International disaster law
8) Risk reduction & prevention in disaster management
9) Disasters and Climate change
10) The role of humanitarian assistance in the management of emergences
11) Fundamentals of humanitarian law
12) Conflicts and new technologies: the regulation of cyberspace and of lethal autonomous weapon

Reference books
Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
A. TANZI Introduzione al diritto internazionale contemporaneo (sesta ed.) Cedam - Padova 2019

Assessment methods and criteria

Students attending classes will be evaluated through a written exam articulated in a part concerning the knowledge of relevant notions, through multiple choices questions, and a part of critical elaboration of the topics deals with during the lectures.
Students not attending classes will be evaluated by means of an oral assessment. Students will be questioned on topics dealt with in the following texts:
1) Tanzi, Introduzione al diritto internazionale contemporaneo, Cedam, 2019, pp. 60-509;
2) Casolari, F. (2020) Prime considerazioni sull’azione dell’Unione ai tempi del Coronavirus, «EUROJUS», 7, pp. 95 – 106;
3) Bartolini, G. (2017). Il Progetto di articoli della Commissione del diritto internazionale sulla "Protection of Persons in the Event of Disasters". RIVISTA DI DIRITTO INTERNAZIONALE, 100(3), 677-718;
4) Bartolini, G. (2015). La definizione di disastro nel progetto di articoli della Commissione del diritto internazionale. RIVISTA DI DIRITTO INTERNAZIONALE, 98(1), 184-191;
5) Spagnolo, A., (2019), Attribuzione del fatto illecito à la carte ovvero come la Corte Suprema Olandese ha liquidato le Madri Di Srebrenica, in SidiBlog
In the academic year 2020/21 students will have the option to take the exam online.